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Bewertung und Feedback des Lernenden für Greek and Roman Mythology von University of Pennsylvania

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Myths are traditional stories that have endured over a long time. Some of them have to do with events of great importance, such as the founding of a nation. Others tell the stories of great heroes and heroines and their exploits and courage in the face of adversity. Still others are simple tales about otherwise unremarkable people who get into trouble or do some great deed. What are we to make of all these tales, and why do people seem to like to hear them? This course will focus on the myths of ancient Greece and Rome, as a way of exploring the nature of myth and the function it plays for individuals, societies, and nations. We will also pay some attention to the way the Greeks and Romans themselves understood their own myths. Are myths subtle codes that contain some universal truth? Are they a window on the deep recesses of a particular culture? Are they a set of blinders that all of us wear, though we do not realize it? Or are they just entertaining stories that people like to tell over and over? This course will investigate these questions through a variety of topics, including the creation of the universe, the relationship between gods and mortals, human nature, religion, the family, sex, love, madness, and death. *********************************************************************************************************** COURSE SCHEDULE • Week 1: Introduction Welcome to Greek and Roman Mythology! This first week we’ll introduce the class, paying attention to how the course itself works. We’ll also begin to think about the topic at hand: myth! How can we begin to define "myth"? How does myth work? What have ancient and modern theorists, philosophers, and other thinkers had to say about myth? This week we’ll also begin our foray into Homer’s world, with an eye to how we can best approach epic poetry. Readings: No texts this week, but it would be a good idea to get started on next week's reading to get ahead of the game. Video Lectures: 1.1-1.7 Quiz: Complete the quiz by the end of the week. • Week 2: Becoming a Hero In week 2, we begin our intensive study of myth through Homer’s epic poem, the Odyssey. This core text not only gives us an exciting story to appreciate on its own merits but also offers us a kind of laboratory where we can investigate myth using different theoretical approaches. This week we focus on the young Telemachus’ tour as he begins to come of age; we also accompany his father Odysseus as he journeys homeward after the Trojan War. Along the way, we’ll examine questions of heroism, relationships between gods and mortals, family dynamics, and the Homeric values of hospitality and resourcefulness. Readings: Homer, Odyssey, books 1-8 Video Lectures: 2.1-2.10 Quiz: Complete the quiz by the end of the week. • Week 3: Adventures Out and Back This week we’ll follow the exciting peregrinations of Odysseus, "man of twists and turns," over sea and land. The hero’s journeys abroad and as he re-enters his homeland are fraught with perils. This portion of the Odyssey features unforgettable monsters and exotic witches; we also follow Odysseus into the Underworld, where he meets shades of comrades and relatives. Here we encounter some of the best-known stories to survive from all of ancient myth. Readings: Homer, Odyssey, books 9-16 Video Lectures: 3.1-3.10 Quiz: Complete the quiz by the end of the week. • Week 4: Identity and Signs As he makes his way closer and closer to re-taking his place on Ithaca and with his family, a disguised Odysseus must use all his resources to regain his kingdom. We’ll see many examples of reunion as Odysseus carefully begins to reveal his identity to various members of his household—his servants, his dog, his son, and finally, his wife Penelope—while also scheming against those who have usurped his place. Readings: Homer, Odyssey, books 17-24 Video Lectures: 4.1-4.8 Quiz: Complete the quiz by the end of the week. • Week 5: Gods and Humans We will take a close look at the most authoritative story on the origin of the cosmos from Greek antiquity: Hesiod’s Theogony. Hesiod was generally considered the only poet who could rival Homer. The Theogony, or "birth of the gods," tells of an older order of gods, before Zeus, who were driven by powerful passions—and strange appetites! This poem presents the beginning of the world as a time of fierce struggle and violence as the universe begins to take shape, and order, out of chaos. Readings: Hesiod, Theogony *(the Works and Days is NOT required for the course)* Video Lectures: 5.1-5.9 Quiz: Complete the quiz by the end of the week. • Week 6: Ritual and Religion This week’s readings give us a chance to look closely at Greek religion in its various guises. Myth, of course, forms one important aspect of religion, but so does ritual. How ancient myths and rituals interact teaches us a lot about both of these powerful cultural forms. We will read two of the greatest hymns to Olympian deities that tell up-close-and-personal stories about the gods while providing intricate descriptions of the rituals they like us humans to perform. Readings: Homeric Hymn to Apollo; Homeric Hymn to Demeter (there are two hymns to each that survive, only the LONGER Hymn to Apollo and the LONGER Hymn to Demeter are required for the course) Video Lectures: 6.1-6.7 Quiz: Complete the quiz by the end of the week. • Week 7: Justice What counts as a just action, and what counts as an unjust one? Who gets to decide? These are trickier questions than some will have us think. This unit looks at one of the most famously thorny issues of justice in all of the ancient world. In Aeschylus’ Oresteia—the only surviving example of tragedy in its original trilogy form—we hear the story of Agamemnon’s return home after the Trojan War. Unlike Odysseus’ eventual joyful reunion with his wife and children, this hero is betrayed by those he considered closest to him. This family's cycle of revenge, of which this story is but one episode, carries questions of justice and competing loyalties well beyond Agamemnon’s immediate family, eventually ending up on the Athenian Acropolis itself. Readings: Aeschylus, Agamemnon; Aeschylus, Eumenides Video Lectures: 7.1-7.10 Quiz: Complete the quiz by the end of the week. • Week 8: Unstable Selves This week we encounter two famous tragedies, both set at Thebes, that center on questions of guilt and identity: Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex and Eurpides’ Bacchae. Oedipus is confident that he can escape the unthinkable fate that was foretold by the Delphic oracle; we watch as he eventually realizes the horror of what he has done. With Odysseus, we saw how a great hero can re-build his identity after struggles, while Oedipus shows us how our identities can dissolve before our very eyes. The myth of Oedipus is one of transgressions—intentional and unintentional—and about the limits of human knowledge. In Euripides’ Bacchae, the identity of gods and mortals is under scrutiny. Here, Dionysus, the god of wine and of tragedy, and also madness, appears as a character on stage. Through the dissolution of Pentheus, we see the terrible consequences that can occur when a god’s divinity is not properly acknowledged. Readings: Sophocles, Oedipus Rex; Euripides, Bacchae Video Lectures: 8.1-8.9 Quiz: Complete the quiz by the end of the week. • Week 9: The Roman Hero, Remade Moving ahead several centuries, we jump into a different part of the Mediterranean to let the Romans give us their take on myth. Although many poets tried to rewrite Homer for their own times, no one succeeded quite like Vergil. His epic poem, the Aeneid, chronicles a powerful re-building of a culture that both identifies with and defines itself against previously told myths. In contrast to the scarcity of information about Homer, we know a great deal about Vergil’s life and historical context, allowing us insight into myth-making in action. Readings: Vergil, Aeneid, books 1-5 Video Lectures: 9.1-9.10 Quiz: Complete the quiz by the end of the week. • Week 10: Roman Myth and Ovid's Metamorphoses Our consideration of Vergil’s tale closes with his trip to the underworld in book 6. Next, we turn to a more playful Roman poet, Ovid, whose genius is apparent in nearly every kind of register. Profound, witty, and satiric all at once, Ovid’s powerful re-tellings of many ancient myths became the versions that are most familiar to us today. Finally, through the lens of the Romans and others who "remythologize," we wrap up the course with a retrospective look at myth. Readings: Vergil, Aeneid, book 6; Ovid, Metamorphoses, books 3, 12, and 13. Video Lectures: 10.1-10.9. Quiz: Complete the quiz by the end of the week. *********************************************************************************************************** READINGS There are no required texts for the course, however, Professor Struck will make reference to the following texts in the lecture: • Greek Tragedies, Volume 1, David Grene and Richmond Lattimore, trans. (Chicago) • Greek Tragedies, Volume 3, David Grene and Richmond Lattimore , trans. (Chicago) • Hesiod, Theogony and Works and Days, M. L. West, trans. (Oxford) • Homeric Hymns, Sarah Ruden, trans. (Hackett) • Homer, The Odyssey, Robert Fagles, trans. (Penguin) • Virgil, The Aeneid, Robert Fitzgerald, trans. (Vintage) • Ovid, Metamorphoses, David Raeburn, trans. (Penguin) These translations are a pleasure to work with, whereas many of the translations freely available on the internet are not. If you do not want to purchase them, they should also be available at many libraries. Again, these texts are not required, but they are helpful....


7. Juli 2020

Well thought out well presented. I feel I have gained a very knowledgeable and thorough understanding of both Greek and Roman mythology and their historical gods and goddesses from taking this course.

19. Aug. 2020

I loved this course. It covers material that is generally available to those who can afford an expensive private education. It was a great way to keep myself occupied during the coronavirus lockdown.

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551 - 572 von 572 Bewertungen für Greek and Roman Mythology

von Meenu S

2. Mai 2016

Very interest and thought provoking.

von Ricardo R I

14. Juli 2016

Excellent to introduce the issue.

von Michael M

28. Nov. 2020

The English translation was bad

von Sierra N

25. Mai 2018

Great course.

von gowtham K

19. Apr. 2018

good course..

von Antoinette

1. Aug. 2020

Thank you!

von Ankita R

2. März 2016


von Lionel J P

10. Juli 2021

Professor Struck's objective, stated at the end of the course, is to encourage participants to read widely on Greek and Roman myths. In this he is successful, because, if you don't read the texts, you would have very little idea of what is being discussed in the video lectures and asked about in the tests. For my tastes, the video lectures reduced these classical myths to North American vernacular and had far too much tautology. If you were to read the transcript alone you would find them indecipherable.

However, I will give Professor Struck his due,: in my case he achieved his objective and I shall continue reading this fascinating genre.

von Anne M Y

19. Apr. 2021

Professor Stuck chose interesting poets and reading material. I was thrilled to finally read The Odyssey in its entirety! I feel that I have a better knowledge of Greek and Roman myths as a result of this course. My only suggestion for improvement is with regard to the quizzes. Some of the questions could only be answered by reading the materials, but the reading materials were not required. There were definitely some questions that were not covered in the lectures. I would recommend updating the questions accordingly to ensure that they cover the materials presented during the lectures.

von Daniel R

11. Aug. 2021

i would like to leave this course and it is not giving me the option to do so. the course is awesome, alot of great information, i simply decided to lean my studies a different direction.

von mbergie 1

8. Feb. 2021

The transcript is not good at all and need to be proofread. Despite that, it was nice to get back into interpreting myth, since I haven't had much practice since my undergraduate program.

von Kimberly C

20. Nov. 2020

Its a great course, however when I signed up for it I thought I had not taken it before so Ive been trying to unenroll but it wont let me.

von Christian D

11. Nov. 2019

The way peter talks is very boring. Also i thought i would learn alot about the greek and roman gods. Not about some weird filosifers.

von Marc P V

10. Aug. 2020

The information offered is really interesting, but the most of the videos did not have the option of spanish subtitles.

von Theresa N

10. Aug. 2020

Tests were unfairly complex and no effort was made to use visuals to any extent. Turgid

von Arthur H

20. März 2019

Very informative.

von Ni N

9. Aug. 2020

Not too clear.

von Dawn R

30. Aug. 2021

Although extremely interesting, this course did not live up to my expectations of being a basic course in Greek mythology. It's a very good course for early Greek literature, and its title should reflect that. One more thing, the lectures were very conversational, almost too was difficult to follow and hard to determine what info should be noted and what could be just conversation. Perhaps a bit more preparation on the part of the instructor would help. I enjoyed the overview/interpretation of Homer's Odyssey, but the syllabus said the suggested reading was not mandatory...I think it was considering some of the lectures didn't cover areas that were in the reading, and reading the text would have greatly helped when taking the tests.

von Marine L

24. Mai 2020

the content is very good and detailed but it is very hard to focus. the tone of the professor is monotonous and you easily lose track of what he is saying.

von Thomas T

14. Juli 2021

We were interested in Greek and Roman Mythology but this was way too intense on one part of it. We even tried to skip ahead out of the weeks of the Odyssey but even trying week 5 seemed repetitive. So this just wasn't for us. The professor is extremely knowledgeable but has a slight problem in communication. Thanks

von Aaron M F I

3. Sep. 2020

i was unable to complete this course do to the fact that the professor was mind numbingly painful to listen to. the lectures are to long, and there is nothing that makes the subject more interesting or fun to learn. i'm better off doing research on my own.

von Saylee K

3. Sep. 2020

The content was good but the professor wasn't that pretty good concerning teaching. The course went on at a slow pace though.