[MUSIC] If you remember earlier, I played the song Wade in the Water. Wade in the Water had the minor pentatonic scale suggested throughout the melody. And even when I was improvising, I use the minor pentatonic scale. Now I'd like to teach you that minor pentatonic skill now. And of course, we're going to get it right from the major scale. The major scales are basis for everything. Pentatonic means five, so that means there's going to be five notes in this scale. You have the root, [SOUND] you have the flat third, [SOUND] you have the 5th, [SOUND] you have the flat 7, [SOUND] and you have the 1. [SOUND] And then between the flat 3rd and the 5 is the 4. [SOUND] So you have 1, flat 3, 4, 5, flat 7 and 1. 1, the flat 3, the 4, the 5, the flat 7, the 1. And the key is C, you have C, E flat, F, G, B flat and C, that's the minor pentatonic scale [MUSIC] All those notes are in the minor pentatonic scale. Now to help you remember the pentatonic scale, the minor pentatonic scale that is, my Berkeley students are here. And I want to teach them a song that I'd like you guys to join us with us on. Just a minor pentatonic scale. Okay, it goes like this. 1, flat 3, 4, 5, flat 7, 1. 1, flat 3, 4, 5, flat 7, 1. You guys want to help me? Let's do it guys. [SOUND] One, two, ready go. [MUSIC] That's the minor pentatonic scale. Now I'm going to put that same scale in another key. We are going to start it on the F now, and the reason why I'm doing this is because I'm going to teach you a song. And the melody is kind of high for the key of C minor. So we're going to put it in F minor. And I'm going to have them sing it, and you guys can join in with us, okay? So here it is again. [SOUND] One, two, three, four. [MUSIC] Good job, now we are going to add another melody to that. And that other melody will be sang by, who's going to sing that? All the ladies except Courtney, right? Okay, so they're going to sing and we sing. [MUSIC] Good job, do it again. [MUSIC] Very nice, now we're going to speed up the tempo a little bit. And then I want to ask the ladies just to add a little bit more attitude, okay? When you get to my pentatonic scale, okay? Just a little more attitude. If it means you have to move your neck a little bit, move your neck, okay? Here we go, guys. One, two, three, four, one, two. [MUSIC] All right, good job, now we're going to add a little bit more to that. And we're going to have one of the students come up and play a little improvised solo. And this student is not going to be a piano player, so that makes it all that much more fun. Jinea, why don't you come on up and play the piano for us? So we're going to do this song, we're going to add a little piano solo. And Jinea is going to play only the minor pentatonic scale, [MUSIC] To improvise. Play that minor pentatonic scale, please. [MUSIC] So she's playing the 1, the flat 3, the 4, the 5, the flat 7, the 1. So what we're going to do is we're going to sing the melody. Actually, Courtney and Georgia are going to start with the 1, flat 3, 4, 5, flat 7, 1. And then the other three are going to sing the melody. It's the pentatonic scale a couple times, then Jinea is going to come in and do some improvising. And then want to go back and sing the melody. And the melody singing going back, I'm going to have George do a little vocal improvising and to close out the song, all right? So this is our big performance. You guys ready? >> Yeah. >> This is where you say, yes. >> Yes. >> Yes. >> [LAUGH] >> Yes, yes. >> Okay, here we go. [MUSIC] Yeah, do it again. [MUSIC] Go Jinea, little improvising. [MUSIC] Melody. [MUSIC] One more time. [MUSIC] All right, good job guys. >> [LAUGH] >> So remember, the minor panatonics scale is just 1 flat, 3, 4, 5, flat 7, 1. If we did it in the key of C, it would be C, E flat, F, G, B flat, C. [MUSIC] All right.